First thing to learn to do on your quilting machine is to sew a straight ¼”. But this is only one seam to begin with as there are so many other specialty sewing machine feet that allow any quilter to give variety to his/her quilting projects.
The ¼” foot
This is one little helper for all the quilters out there. It’s a foot that comes standard with many models, but you may have to buy it separately in case you don’t have it on your machine.
The ¼” foot helps you maintain the distance from the needle to the edge of the foot at precisely ¼” which you need when piecing and quilting. Play it safe and don’t forget to measure the seam even when you’re using the ¼” foot. You can never be too sure.
There are sewing machines that only need an adjustment of the needle to the left or right in order to stitch the ¼” seam.
The free motion/darning foot
Any quilter knows that this foot is very reliable when quilting. If you’re using it for the free motion quilting, you should also lower the feed dogs on the machine so that you may move the fabric easier during your quilting. Many of the sewing machines come with a lever that lowers the feed dogs. You may very well cover it with painter’s tape for free-motion quilting when the machine doesn’t come with a lever, though.
The walking foot
When you don’t have a quilting machine, a walking foot on your home machine is going to allow you to do machine quilting. The walking foot holds the bottom fabric feeding at the same speed as the top fabric, giving you even stitches.
You may need the walking foot when you’re attaching binding to the edges of your quilt. As you’re trying to attach binding, you’re going to have to sew through multiple layers: batting, the backing, quilt top and the two layers of binding too. The walking foot is fundamental for making sure that all the layers move together so that there’s not puckering in the quilt fabrics from attaching the binding.
The open-toe machine foot
This foot is quite common for quilting. It may have an open center or a center with a see-through plastic base. This is how you’re sewing exactly what you’re stitching and where they are as well. This foot helps you a lot especially in the machine applique stitches and you may want to have it too.
The quilting bar
This is rather a specialty attachment that quilters like to have. The quilting bar is attached to the back side of the presser foot and lets you quilt spaced lines on the quilt. You may adjust the bar to different widths and use it for the topstitching too.